fbpx

How to write a Good Introduction in IELTS writing essay

ielts writing task 2 how to write an introduction

Overview of IELTS writing Essay

Time duration

The writing test consists of two tasks. Both Academic and General candidates are given 1 hour to complete the task. The test takers must give at least 40 minutes to the writing module as it contains 66% of the writing score compared to task 1. The writing test comes after the Listening and Reading test in the final exam. The candidates are allowed to take a break in between for relaxation which is completely optional.

728x90_trinka_tagline

Test format

The nature of task 2 is the same for both Academic and General Students. Candidates are asked to write an essay on a given situation/statement of a minimum of 250 words, say in 40 minutes. The nature of the question is usually a discussion of a subject of general interest. The test taker has to justify an opinion, state solutions to a problem, or even speculate about future trends.

Task 2 is not an exam part of the exam. It is more academic and demanding; therefore, it lasts longer than task 1. Overall, Tasks 1 of the two modules are quite different, but Tasks 2 are similar.

 

Marking Criteria

  • Task Response (25%)
    • how well you answer the question, clear overview
  • Coherence and Cohesion (25%)
    • how well is your text structured, ideas and logical placement
  • Lexical Resource (25%)
    • how good is your vocabulary, less lexical items
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy (25%)
    • how good is your grammar, punctuation, and errors in sentences

What not to do within your essay

  • Under length   — less than 250 words
  • Off-topic           — deviating from the topic
  • Memorized content — memorizing lines or sentences
  • Illegible handwriting — when the examiner is not able to understand              your writing

Copy the link below to view a detailed explanation of the band descriptors for writing task 2

https://www.ielts.org/-/media/pdfs/writing-band-descriptors-task-2.ashx?la=en

How to write an introduction in IELTS writing essay.

Even though there is not much weightage given to the introduction part in the writing module, you must start in the right manner. This will give the examiner a good first impression of you. An introduction also guides the reader/audience/examiner about what you are going to discuss in other parts of the essay along with your ideas and opinions.

The introduction must be always one paragraph in length. It can have 4-5 sentences. It should not be a list of bullet points, but a properly-organized paragraph, written in full sentences.

Preparation tips

You may spend around 3-4 minutes writing the introduction so that a maximum amount of time must be used for the body paragraphs.

  • Read and understand the question carefully. Most of the questions have a keyword that explains the nature of the statement. Underline those words and ask yourself how the keywords relate to the given instruction.
  • Most of us tend to use spoken language which must be avoided. Use the written language.
  • Think in English when writing. Do not try to translate words from your mother tongue. This habit can be incorporated if you start talking in English in your daily life.
  • Decide which points will be written as topic sentences. Think about how they will be developed into full-length paragraphs.

 

Structure for Introduction in IELTS writing essay.

The examiners expect candidates to have these three parameters to be inculcated in the introduction in ielts writing essay. This raises your chances to get a good score on the very first attempt. They are:

  1. Paraphrasing
  2. Thesis
  3. Overview
  4. Paraphrasing

This is writing the question or the statement in a synonymous manner. This element gives the examiner/ reader background information about the topic. This should help lead the reader from a general idea to a very specific idea. Let’s look at an example of paraphrasing.

Nowadays, many people think that there is not enough time to do their work or enjoy leisure. Some people compare time to money.

To what extent do you think time is money?

Paraphrased version

In modern society, more and more people emphasize the efficient and rational use of their time.

Now, let us see how some words in the question have been synonymized.

Nowadays = In modern society

Many = more and more

Think = emphasize

Not enough time = rational use of their time

 

  1. Thesis

A thesis statement introduces the main idea of the essay. It is like an answer to the question your paper explores. It also provides your reader with a “guide” to your argument. Let’s look at an example of a thesis statement.

Nowadays, many people think that there is not enough time to do their work or enjoy leisure. Some people compare time to money.

To what extent do you think time is money?

Thesis

It is still highly debatable to what extent it is true, and in what conditions.

(Here, the test taker is giving his/her opinion on the question asked. It is your stand/stance on the question.)

  1. Overview

Overview acts as a closing line or an outline statement for your introduction. It is the last line of the paragraph. It introduces the examiner/reader to your main body paragraphs. In other words, it will tell the reader what you’re going to discuss in your body paragraphs. Let’s look at an example of an overview.

Nowadays, many people think that there is not enough time to do their work or enjoy leisure. Some people compare time to money.

To what extent do you think time is money?

Overview

This essay will discuss the point as to why people do not view time as money even though it is a necessary commodity with relevant reasoning and examples.

(Since the thesis statement had the word “debatable”, this would be a very apt overview for this question.)

Let us now combine all three elements to form the final introduction paragraph and read it together.

 

Answer

In modern society, more and more people emphasize the efficient and rational use of their time. It is still highly debatable to what extent it is true, and in what conditions. This essay will discuss the point as to why people do not view time as money even though it is a necessary commodity with relevant reasoning and examples.

Examples for Introduction in ielts writing essay

  1. If countries are serious about solving traffic problems, they should tax private cars very heavily and use the money to provide free and cheap rail travel.

To what extent do you agree with the above?

Many nations are facing massive traffic congestion in their cities. This makes travelling difficult and causes environmental damage. To solve this problem, it is necessary to establish alternative transport systems such as railways. This essay will discuss the reasons to finance the development of public transport.

  1. Some people believe that it is wrong to keep animals in zoos, while others think that zoos are both entertaining and ecologically important.

Discuss both views.

In this modern world, perspectives of how to keep animals are varied between people. Some people think about caging them in zoos or forests while others think it is illogical to limit animals’ movements. This essay will discuss these views according to environmental, personal, and economic perspectives.

  1. As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual well-being.

What factors contribute to job satisfaction?

How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

In today’s life, there is a wide range of people who work in a flexible environment, while others are exposed to stressful conditions. It is inadvisable to proceed with any job if the employer is not taking into account the vital paths required in convincing their employees to continue their jobs properly. This essay is going to address the contributing factors to job satisfaction which are in terms of working hours, salaries, and graduates.

0 responses on "How to write a Good Introduction in IELTS writing essay"

Leave a Message

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Copyright © 2018. All Rights are reserved
error: Content is protected !!
Skip to toolbar