Types of sentences : When learning a language, one should also learn how to express their ideas in the form of a sentence, so as to convey the message appropriately. And English is no exception to this. For getting a great score in the IELTS exam, especially in the IELTS Writing and the Speaking components, there is a factor called Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA). This factor accounts to 25 percent of the overall score. To get a high score for GRA, one must write and exhibit that they can flawlessly compile complex sentences along with simple sentences and compound ones. Let us get to know some basic rules go form the difference sentence types. There is another added advantage to learn about the various sentence types. Changing the order of clauses is one of the ways to paraphrase a given question prompt.
Types of sentences:
There are four basic types of sentences.
4. Compound -complex sentences
Let’s try to understand each of these in detail.
1. Types of sentences -Simple Sentences:
These sentences are completely meaningful. They contain a subject and a verb. They may also contain an object. There are basically two types of clauses that we use while writing sentences. Although there are other clauses, one should understand and implement these two clauses – an independent clause and a dependent clause. Simple sentences would essentially contain just an independent clause and no dependent clauses. Hence, the meaning is clearly understood,and the sentence is generally used to express one idea completely.
1. Global warming is caused by the emission of greenhouse gases.
2. Some people believe that boys and girls should be educated in separate schools.
3. The cat is drinking the milk.
The above sentences are independent clauses and hence can be considered as being simple sentences.
2. Types of sentences – Compound sentences :
Compound sentences are formed when two simple sentences are joined together. In other words , the combination of one independent clause with another independent clause leads to the formation of a compound sentence. Remember that the independent clauses should be related to each other. They should have a common factor by which they can be linked together. Let us look at this example.
Independent clause 1: The building looks shabby.
Independent clause 2: The building should be refurbished immediately.
Have you noticed that there is a common feature between the two sentences? Hence, they can be joined to form a compound sentence. To join two such independent clauses, certain linkers are used, which are known as CO-ORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS. A simple way to remember the co-ordinating conjunctions is ‘FANBOYS’. Yes! It is quite simple.
These words should be used appropriately. Refer to www.worldofenglishexams.com to find more information on this along with example sentences. Also, one needs to be very careful when to use a comma and when to avoid it.
Let us understand this concept by joining the two sentences into one. The resultant sentence would be:
The building looks shabby, and should be refurbished immediately.
Another way of writing it is
The building looks shabby, so it should be refurbished immediately.
Both the sentences are called compound sentences.
3.Types of sentences – Complex sentences :
These sentences are very frequently used in all the English language proficiency tests, as they convey a chunk of information in just one sentence. Additionally, complex sentences are very unique grammatical structures,and can be of a great significance while speaking in English. As the name indicates, these sentences cannot be separated into independent clauses. These sentences relate a dependent clause with an independent clause.
What is a dependent clause? A clause that conveys no full meaning by itself, and that which requires the aid of another independent clause is known as a dependent clause. Dependent clauses cannot be ended with a period(full stop). The sentences will convey a full meaning only when a dependent and an independent clause are joined together.
Some examples of dependent clauses :
1. Although it was raining
2. When I was ten,
3. While he was driving
4. Since there was a strike
5. Because of the harsh weather conditions
It can clearly be seen that none of these sentences have a meaning, as they are incomplete ones. They need to have an independent clause to complete them. Have you observed that there are certain linking words in the above sentences, like although, when, while, since, because,and so on? Such words are known as ‘SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS ‘. In order to form a complex sentence, these are required. The simplest way to remember some of the frequently used subordinating conjunctions is ON A WHITE BUS.
O – only if
N – now that, Nevertheless, nonetheless
A – although, after
W – while, which, when, where, what, who, whoever, whatever
I – in spite of , in order that
T – though, that, till
E – even though, even if
B – before, because
U – until, unless
S – so, since
There are two ways to write a complex sentence.
1. Dependent clause followed by an independent clause. Here, a comma is mandatory at the end of the dependent clause.
Example : When I was ten, my dad gifted me a bike.
2. Independent clause followed by a dependent clause. Just interchange the order of the clauses.
Example : My dad gifted me a bike when I was ten.
It is very important to note that in the second format, a comma ahould not be inserted.
4. Types of sentences Complex- compound sentences :
These sentences are highly advanced ones, as they combine a complex sentence with a compound one. They are used in the esaay writing pary of the IELTS test, and can be used to represent the ideas comprehensively. Complex compound sentences can show the flexibility with which the language can be used by the test takers.
Let us see the below example.
Sentence 1: He does not like to watch flicks.
Sentence 2: He watched the flick.
Sentence 3: He liked the flick very much.
Now, let’s combine these sentences.
Although he doesn’t like to watch flicks, he watched one, and he liked it very much.
This is a perfect example of a complex compound sentences. To find lot more examples and concepts, visit www.worldofenglishexams.com.